Vitamins A to Z

Vitamins A to Z

Everything in nature consists of small particles, "bricks", which are the frame of all living things. The human body is no exception.

And its strong foundation is vitamins and minerals, on which large “houses” of our organisms hold. Vitamins are our “bricks” with you.

For example, a person for normal life needs to drink 1.5-2 liters of water a day and eat a balanced diet. Not enough iron - hello anemia, goodbye hemoglobin! The body does not have enough zinc - beware of the development of infertility and decreased activity. Calcium deficiency leads to joint fragility. Together, these substances contribute to the proper metabolism, increase efficiency, endurance, resistance to infections.

Therefore, it is very important to observe the daily balance of vitamins, especially carefully it is necessary to monitor the diet of our children. After all, the child's body is in the process of formation, and proper nutrition is the key to his health and strong immunity in the future. Since even the most complete diet is deficient in vitamins and minerals by 20-40%, proper nutrition should be combined with the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes.So, let's talk about the most important vitamins and find out what they are for.

Vitamin A.With a lack of it in the body, visual acuity is disturbed at dusk, you can even lose the ability to perceive a black and white image. Pure vitamin A comes to the human body only with products of animal origin. To maintain its quantity, you can eat the liver of sea fish and beef liver. A lot of it in butter, egg yolk. The daily need for a healthy person is 1.5 mg.

Vitamin B1. It regulates carbohydrate, fat, water-salt exchanges, the activity of cell respiration, nervous, cardiovascular systems, and digestive organs. B1 is found in rye bread, oatmeal, liver, cattle kidneys, ham, legumes, nuts, and yeast. The daily need for this vitamin is 1.75 mg.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin, lactoflavin).Its deficiency causes cessation of body growth, hair loss, eye disease with itching and photophobia. B2 is necessary for the regulation of the central nervous system. It is part of the milk and other dairy products, meat, liver, kidneys, heart, egg yolk, mushrooms, baking yeast. The daily human need for riboflavin is 3 mg.

Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid). It plays an important role in the formation of antibodies, promotes the absorption of other vitamins. It stimulates the production of adrenal hormones in the body, making it a powerful tool for the treatment of arthritis, colitis, allergies and diseases of the cardiovascular system. Normalizes the metabolism of fats, activates the redox processes in the body, and therefore is important for the maintenance and recovery of all tissue cells. The daily human need for pantothenic acid (5-10 mg) is satisfied with a normal mixed diet, since vitamin is found in many animal and vegetable products (yeast, caviar, egg yolk, milk, carrots, cabbage, etc.).

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Vitamin B6 (pyridoxal).Its deficiency leads to increased excitability and convulsions. B6 is used to improve the regulation of lipid metabolism in atherosclerosis. It is contained in wheat, rye, vegetables, meat, fish, milk, in cattle liver, egg yolk, yeast. The daily need for adult pyridoxal is 2-2.5 mg.

Vitamin B9 (folic acid). Participates in the synthesis of certain amino acids, has a stimulating effect on blood formation, contributes to a better absorption of vitamin B12. With a lack of folic acid, anemia may develop.Liver, kidney and greens are the richest in vitamin. The best sources are salads from food greens. It is contained in cabbage, beets, carrots, potatoes, in many fruits.
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin).It is necessary for normal blood formation, maturation of red blood cells, activation of the blood coagulation system, takes part in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. With its deficiency anemia is observed. B12 is found in the liver, meat, eggs, fish, yeast, milk (especially sour).
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid).With its acute deficiency, scurvy develops, cardiac weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath appear, resistance to various diseases decreases. In childhood, the processes of ossification are delayed. Ascorbic acid stabilizes the immune system, increases the body's resistance to various infections, colds, reduces physical fatigue and increases efficiency.
The richestvitamin C greens, vegetables and fruits (wild rose berries, chokeberry, black currant, lemons), potatoes, especially in autumn, onions, sauerkraut, radishes, parsley. Daily need is 70-100 mg.
Vitamin D.A deficiency of this vitamin leads to the development of rickets, the initial signs of which are changes in the nervous system. The child becomes irritable, often crying, sweating. It has long overgrown springs, there is a softening of the bones of the skull, ribs. Next - the bone tissue becomes fragile, and along with rickets in children and adults, osteoporosis occurs (bone resorption).A large number ofvitamin D is in the liver of marine fish, butter, milk, egg yolk, fish eggs. Yeast is rich in this vitamin. Vitaminized fish oil is used as a source of vitamin D. The daily need for a child is 500-1000 IU (international units).

Vitamin E.Fat soluble vitamin. It prevents the formation of blood clots and promotes their resorption, improves fertility, reduces and prevents hot flashes during menopause. In cosmetology, it is used to preserve youthful skin: it promotes healing and reduces the risk of scar tissue formation.Vitamin presentin many products, especially they are rich in vegetable and butter, herbs, milk, eggs, liver, meat and cereal germs.The daily intake of vitamin E is 10 mg.

Vitamin PP (nicotine amide).With its deficiency occurs pellagra, which is characterized by dermatitis (inflammation of the skin), diarrhea, mental disorder. Nicotinic acid is found in yeast, liver, meat, legumes, buckwheat, potatoes, and nuts. The daily need of an adult for vitamin PP is 15-20 mg.

As you can see, monitoring the health of the whole family is a rather painstaking but necessary job. And, unfortunately, there is not always time and opportunity to do it. Fortunately, there are now multivitamin complexes that make sure that our body has enough of all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

The multivitamin complex Supervit contains all the vitamins necessary for the body - A, D, E, C, B1, B2, B6, B12, nicotinamide, pantothenic acid, folic acid. The preparation also contains trace elements: iron, zinc, copper, manganese, chromium, selenium, iodine, etc.

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You can buy the package “Supervit” both for the prevention of vitamin deficiency and to help the sick body (or during the recovery period).

From the age of 4, “Supervit” is also suitable for children. One tablet per day is enough - and the child's body will receive the necessary portion of useful substances. By the way, the remedy of the drug will also help to correct the consequences of malnutrition.

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  • Vitamins A to Z

    Vitamins A to Z

    Vitamins A to Z

    Vitamins A to Z

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    Vitamins A to Z

    Vitamins A to Z

    Vitamins A to Z