Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis

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Tonsillitis- This is a common disease of the body with local manifestations in the form of inflammation of the tonsils.

The incidence of tonsillitis in children increases with age: by age 3, it occurs in 2–3% of children, and by age 12, it is found in as many as 12–15%.

Various combinations of bacteria, viruses, and fungi are found on the surface of the inflamed tonsils. However, in the deep parts of the lacunae there is usually not a wide variety of microbes, more often monoflora is found here - various forms of streptococcus, staphylococcus, adenoviruses.

Most often, tonsillitis begins after a sore throat.

Tonsole Forms:

  • compensated
  • decompensated.

When compensated form local symptoms are detected without pronounced common disorders. In the decompensated form, in addition to local manifestations, there are symptoms of tonsilic intoxication and frequent recurrences of angina.

Symptoms of tonsillitis

  • temperature rise,
  • sore throat when swallowing,
  • increase in cervical lymph nodes,
  • putrid breath
  • dry cough.

Locally, none of the symptoms of tonsillitis is strictly specific only for this disease, so the doctor always takes into account the totality of symptoms.An enlarged tonsil is not a sign of disease. Pathologically changed tonsils can be enlarged, reduced and be of a normal size, have cicatricial changes, dilated lacunae, liquid pus or purulent plugs in them.

In addition, there arethe symptomstonsilogenic intoxication:

  • general malaise,
  • weakness,
  • pallor,
  • persistent fever,
  • joint pain,
  • pain in the heart,
  • muscle pain,
  • cervical lymphadenitis.

Treatment of tonsillitis

Tonsolitis requires an integrated approach to treatment, it includes:

  • local effects on the tonsils (washing to remove purulent plugs)
  • antibiotics,
  • sanitation of all purulent foci,
  • treatment of concomitant diseases of upper respiratory tract,
  • general strengthening therapy and physiotherapy (tubos, UHF).

In addition, the patient is prescribed the correct regimen, a rational fortified diet, tempering procedures (both general and local - eating ice cream or frozen juice daily), physical exercise, and oral hygiene.

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