Many hyenas cause ambiguous feelings andmore often associated with mean and cowardly animals. This opinion was formed in the minds of people because of the manner of food and appearance of these animals. But few people know that the striped hyena in the Red Book takes place in the lists of those animals, whose numbers are sharply reduced. Therefore it is worth to learn about what these predators really are, and what are the features that stand out among the other fangs?
In nature, there are four types of hyenas. These include spotted, brown, striped hyenas and earth wolf.
Usually many know the first two types of thesepredators, because they make laughing sounds and wander the pack. Striped hyenas, despite significant similarities with other species, are still different from them.
This species can rightfully be called a large predator. The largest individuals can grow up to 90 cm at the withers, and on average their height is about 80 cm. The length of the trunk is about 115 cm. Some males can weigh 50-60 kg, females are less than 45 kg, although they are almost not externally externally. The length of the tail is about 25-35 cm.
Outwardly, the body of the hyena seems shortened. Their paws are slightly twisted, although this does not prevent them from being strong. Each foot has four fingers. Also, the front paws are longer than the rear, which adds to the body visual imbalance. The predator has a massive and short neck, and its muzzle is slightly elongated. The lower jaw is heavy. Ears are large and slightly pointed.
On the withers there is a dark mane of long (about 30cm) and hard hair, which makes the front part of the beast even higher. When traveling, striped hyenas like squatting and dragging their ass, from that look even more disproportionate. The straight and coarse hair of the animal, not counting the mane, has a length of no more than 7 cm. In the cold season, a soft and dense undercoat grows. Externally from other members of the family is characterized by strips in color.
The basic color of the coat varies from straw color to brown gray. Muzzle black almost all individuals. The bands are usually black.
Despite the fact that striped hyenas have fewer teeth (34) than canine (42), their jaws are considered very powerful, and the fangs are large. They are able to gnaw huge bones.
Striped hyenas are nocturnal animals and love a solitary life. They do not have clans. In the wild these predators live up to 12 years, but in the zoo live up to 23.
This species of hyenas prefers to eat carrionmammals. They can eat even bones of a zebra or gazelle. If you find edible waste, discarded by man, do not disdain them. Their diet can include insects, fish, all kinds of seeds and fruits. Sometimes the hyena attacks birds, rodents or reptiles. Often eats in his lair, which makes the unpleasant smell heard from afar. Also this animal itself exudes repulsive flavors.
Among them, polygamous relations are accepted. A male can fertilize several females in a row. Within 90 days the female nurses offspring. In two years, male hyenas become sexually mature, females one year later.
These hyenas very rarely make sounds. Their voice can be expressed by grumbling, hoarse howl or growling. They do not "laugh".
In the wild, to meet this predator -a rarity, because they choose hard-to-reach places for their lairs. They also behave with caution. For their settlement they choose clay deserts with small vegetation. They can also give preference to rocky foothills or gorges. At the same time, they try to settle near the water, because they constantly need moisture.
Today, the striped hyena lives on mostAsian territory, in North Africa, in some regions of India. Closer to the eastern side, this species is less common. Also these predators are in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Transcaucasia, although today in these parts a striped hyena becomes quite rare.
Today many animals are on the list of rareand endangered species. Often, it is caused by ecology, deforestation, lack of food. But this kind of animal in many does not cause pleasant feelings, so they are ruthlessly hunted and very soon the striped hyena can disappear forever. The Red Book of Russia encourages people to think about the fact that people should stop destroying wild nature, even if some of its representatives do not cause them affection.
In the Krasnodar "Safari Park" on April 9, 2013a rather rare case occurred. Within the park, in captivity, the female striped hyena led the baby. But her mother refused to care for her offspring. A tiny hyena was guarded by the staff of the zoo. A mixture of canine milk was prepared for feeding. The kid was required to take food five times a day. The grown up crumbs were given meat. After the young hyena became stronger, he was released into "free bread".
Each animal stands out with something special and this predator is no exception. Below are some interesting facts about the striped hyena.