Rickets

Rickets

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Rickets- This is a disease that was known in ancient times. In the second century BC, Soran Effessky and Galen described the rachitic changes in the skeletal system. Around the XV-XVI centuries, rickets was a fairly common disease among young children, especially from large (for those times) European cities. It is not by chance that many famous Dutch, Flemish, German, and Danish artists of that time often depicted children with typical signs of rickets in their creations (overhanging brows, smoothed back of the head, flattened belly, twisted limbs, etc.). A classic example is the painting "Madonna and Child" painted by the immortal Albrecht Dürer (1512). And even now, rickets is a fairly common disease. They suffer from 20 to 60 percent of Russian children. This is especially true of people living in the northern regions and large polluted cities - rural children and southerners suffer less.
Rickets- These are abuses arising in the body of a fast-growing small child, affecting first of all the bone and nerve systems, and secondly, all other organs and children’s systems. This is the so-called "true pachyte" or vitamin-D-dependent, vitamin-D-deficient rickets.
Lack of vitamin D, or D-avitaminosis, in children manifested in the form of rickets, in the elderly - in the form of osteoporosis and osteomilytation. Vitamin D deficiency is especially common in young children. The initial symptoms of rickets in them are associated with damage to the nervous system (sleep disturbance, irritability, sweating). With further development of the disease, bone tissue is involved in the process (delaying teething and closing the fontanel, softening and subsequent deformation of the bones of the spine, ribs, lower extremities), skeletal muscles (muscle hypotonia, weakness), and in severe cases - internal organs (liver, spleen, etc.).
You should take a closer look at your child if he has become chronically irritable, whining (crying even for no apparent reason), does not sleep well, wakes up constantly and sweats profusely. Sweating can be so severe that in a dream a wet spot is formed around the head of the child’s head (the so-called “wet pillow symptom”). By itself, sticky sweat causes skin irritation, and the sweating process - anxiety of the baby. Hence, "wiping" the hair in the neck at frequent turning of the head in the hood. In fact, even in the absence of the signs of pachyta, moderate wiping of hair occurs.But with pachy, occipital alopecia becomes not only obvious, but also redundant. Then begins the deformation of the bones, muscle atrophy, appears "frog belly". In the most severe cases, which, fortunately, are rare, a square head and the so-called "Olympic forehead" may form, the joints become loose (the effect of the "gutta-percha child").
Treatment of rickets
Future momshould every day and in any weather for a walk for at least two hours. There are special tools designed for women during pregnancy and lactation, able to prevent violations of phosphorus-calcium metabolism in the mother and child.
The best prevention of rickets for the newborn is breastfeeding. A full-term breastfed baby who is classically gaining weight and not having initial signs of rickets does not need to specifically drink vitamin D.
But after the child has been weaned, it is necessary to give him a preventive dose of vitamin D in the autumn-winter-spring period. By the way, it is necessary to give the child vitamin D very carefully, since overdosing leads to poisoning of the child.Signs of poisoning can be a sharp decrease in appetite, nausea and vomiting, less often - a decrease in urination and constipation.
After the baby is transferred to adult food, the mother should remember that vitamin D is found mainly in animal products - they are rich in fish liver, milk fats, eggs, caviar, fatty fish.

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