Are you planning to paint the walls of the apartment or house? What kind of paint to choose for the walls in the apartment - this question becomes very relevant. How to make the right choice? In order not to be mistaken, it is worth learning about different types of paints. This knowledge will help you choose the right paint color for the walls, and even the degree of brilliance, as well as create interesting decorative effects on the walls.
Paint for walls in the apartment - how to choose, the basic principles
Once there was a golden rule, which says that you can not put good paint on the bad. At the moment it is outdated. Products currently available in hardware stores represent a completely different quality and capability. Now you can choose from a very large number of coatings offered for interior work available on the market. It should be guided primarily by the purpose of each specific product for painting a specific space and its properties.
Asking how to choose the right paint for the walls, you need to take into account what you want to paint and how to get the final result. On the packaging it is usually written for which surface a particular product is intended.
Almost all paints can be applied to the substrate previously unpainted or to traditional plaster, gypsum, drywall, putty, concrete, brick, and on previously painted with water-soluble and water-insoluble (oil) paints.
There are products on the market that are easy to apply on various types of wallpaper, coatings and paints, and even on metals (steel, cast iron, non-ferrous metals) and plastics. But this should be clearly indicated on the box or in the manufacturer’s instructions. Use of the product on surfaces for which it is not recommended, for example, painting a metal surface or window frame with dispersive emulsion paint for walls and ceilings, leads to a weak decorative and protective effect.
It is rational to buy a small sample of the selected paint before painting and check its quality, color and type of coating on the walls.For the dough, it is worthwhile to cover a small piece of the wall twice, and if in this way you get the desired shade, then this product can be safely used.
It should be borne in mind that at home, under different lighting, the color may look slightly different than in a store in bright light. It always makes sense to do a test painting at home, because only then will you see the true shade of the selected coating. Then you can objectively evaluate the degree of gloss and decide whether you should use this product. However, you can not always do this, so you should be able to decipher the description of the paint on the box.
Typically, water based paints are used on the premises. These are primarily organic products:
Mineral dyes can also be used:
The substance from which the name of the paint comes is a material that binds particles of other components, such as, for example, fillers, pigments, solvents, diluents, auxiliary substances.Currently, the optimal properties provide modern emulsion paints, which are usually called emulsion, acrylic and latex. The latter have the highest resistance to flushing. Paints glue, lime and cement are rarely used.
Paints for interiors are described by a number of parameters, such as:
The following properties, which are the most important, should be especially noted; let's take a closer look at them.
This parameter determines the resistance of the fluid when moving the layers relative to each other. Viscosity and structure of the product affect its appearance in the package and the painting process. As the temperature increases, the viscosity increases, which means that the consistency tends to become less fluid.Thixotropic paint has such a structure that during mixing it becomes more liquid, and after its termination, after a while it returns to its original state. This property has been used to create high viscosity coatings that are easy to apply. Liquid paint flows off the brush easily and will drip during painting.
This parameter defines the percentage of light reflected from the surface. Thus, gloss is an optical property of the surface to reflect light. The gloss scale is as follows:
The higher the gloss, the more the binder includes the paint. Matte coatings are more delicate than semi-gloss, and semi-gloss than shiny. This is especially true for wash resistance. The more matte paint you use, the higher class of strength it should have. Semi-gloss products create the impression of a better coating, create a “creamy” surface effect. Glossy coatings are slippery, so less dust and dirt will stick to them.Interesting decorative effects of painting can be achieved by using in the same room paints of the same color, but with varying degrees of gloss.
Drying time is tested under standard conditions of temperature of 20 ° C and humidity of 55%, it is determined in accordance with the following criteria:
More comfortable ones that dry quickly enough so that after painting two or three hours, an additional layer can be applied.
This is the ability of the coating to effectively remove stains and dirt, for example, around a light switch, grease stains from food, pencils, dirt. Such products are useful, for example, in the kitchen and in other areas where there are a lot of people.
This parameter characterizes the resistance of the coating to repeated washing with a special material / brush, with a corresponding pressure.Classification is based on changes in the thickness of the coating during wet cleaning. There are five cleaning classes. The first one is the class with the highest resistance. These paints are used, for example, in the halls and on the stairs.