Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

Excess weight in a child: how to avoid problems?

The prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) is becoming global in almost all developed countries. Especially this problem concerns children. PMaria Savinova, a sikhologist, will talk about the causes of obesity and how to prevent its occurrence.

There are about 1 billion overweight people in the world and more than 300 million obese people. Over the past 30 years, the incidence of overweight and obesity among children, especially adolescents, has nearly tripled.

Metabolic syndrome- a complex of pathogenetically related metabolic, hormonal and hemodynamic disorders that accelerate the development and progression of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2.

Today, the main symptoms of MS are abdominal obesity, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes, arterial hypertension (AH - increased blood pressure), dyslipoproteinemia - impaired blood lipid ratio, which leads to early atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.

The main symptom by which a patient is at risk of developing MS is obesity. It is established that obesity at an early age is associated with cardiovascular pathology, a violation of psychological adaptation and the patient's quality of life.

Read also:Being overweight increases the risk of obesity in a child

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A certain role is played by various factors that act in utero and in the first years of a child’s life. For example, diabetes during pregnancy in the mother, low birth weight, the quality of intrauterine nutrition and feeding in the first year of life, genetic and socio-economic factors. In addition, urbanization and a sedentary lifestyle contribute to the development of obesity. And, of course, excess food with a high content of fats and easily digestible carbohydrates.

Read also:Child nutrition affects heart health

Contributing factors:

- the presence of obesity;

- family history - obesity, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes in close relatives;

- low birth weight (less than 3000g).

Implementing (resolving) factors:

- excessive consumption of fats and carbohydrates;

- sedentary lifestyle;

- frequent stressful situations.

Read also:Food advertisements can cause childhood obesity.

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All the mechanisms of development of the metabolic cascade are not fully understood, but it is clear that the most important trigger mechanism is excessive accumulation of abdominal fat - abdominal obesity. And this determines the main direction of correction and prevention of MS. This is a lifestyle change with increased physical activity and a balanced diet.

A weight loss of more than 5% leads to a significant improvement in the structure of the liver. A weight reduction of 10-15% is accompanied by an improvement in insulin sensitivity, an improvement in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, a decrease in blood pressure.

For children do not use medical methods to suppress appetite and reduce the absorption of nutrients in the digestive tract.

The diet should be a low-calorie diet - with the restriction of fats and “fast” carbohydrates. Eating fat is limited to 25-30% of the daily calorie intake. The diet is enriched with plenty of vegetables and fruits, dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins E and C.

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In accordance with the recommendations of the American Heart Association, in order to maintain a satisfactory state of health, adults and children (over 5 years old) need to allocate at least 30 minutes daily for moderate dynamic (aerobic) loads and 30 minutes 3-4 times a week for intense physical exercise..

Examples of moderate exercise:

- Fast walking (3km for 30min)

- Cycling (8km in 30 minutes)

- Dancing at a moderate pace (duration 30min)

- Basketball game (15-20min)

- Volleyball game (45min)

It has been proven that with daily 50-minute exercise for 7 days in patients with type 2 diabetes, insulin sensitivity of the tissues is significantly increased.

If your child is overweight, family history has cases of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, seek advice from a specialist - a pediatrician, a gastroenterologist, an endocrinologist, a nutritionist, because the earlier the issue is addressed, the lower the risk of developing a metabolic syndrome in a small child. person

Treatment of MS is, first of all, the right lifestyle, and not medication.

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  • Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

    Overweight in a child: how to avoid problems

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