Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Thanks to the illusion of truth (the tendency to believe that information is true when it is repeated many times), we often find ourselves surrounded by lies, and world history is no exception. Many of the facts that we were told in history lessons at school turned out to be lies.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

The Greeks donated a Trojan horse to conquer Troy.

True:The goal and the truth was the conquest of Troy, but there was no treacherous gift. Instead, the Greeks created a siege weapon similar to a horse. So they managed to break the wall and get into the city.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Archimedes discovered his famous law, lying in the bathroom.

True:In fact, the water displaced from the bathroom has nothing to do with the buoyancy revealed by Archimedes. This method only allows you to measure the volume. But it is possible that Archimedes was inspired by water procedures.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Mendeleev saw a periodic table of chemical elements in a dream.

True:The scientist himself refuted the whole story with a dream, saying: "I have been thinking about it for maybe twenty years, and you think: I was sitting and suddenly ... ready." A story about a dream came up with his friend A.A. Foreigners to entertain their students.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Cleopatra was an Egyptian.

True:The famous Egyptian queen was of Greek origin. Born in Alexandria, Cleopatra is a descendant of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which took control of Egypt.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

The pyramids were built by slaves.

True:There is irrefutable evidence that the pyramids were built not by slaves or Jews, but by free workers, construction professionals.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Diogenes lived in a barrel.

True:Diogenes simply could not live in a barrel, because the ancient Greeks could not make them. He lived in Pithos, a large earthen vessel where oil or wine was kept.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Pirates were only men.

True:Surprisingly, not only men sailed the seas and oceans, hunting for treasure. Female pirates made good competition for them and in cruelty did not yield to men in the least.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

The aborigines ate Cook.

True:The reasons for the death of Cook were rumors about the killing by the British of several Hawaiians and in general about Cook’s strange behavior. All this prompted the Aborigines to begin the militant actions. Cook was murdered, allegedly with a spear in the back of the head. But no one ate it.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Gladiators always killed each other.

True:The most experienced and skilled warriors cost a lot of money, and many of them lived a long life. Analysis of the remains showed that these were gladiators who participated in more than a hundred battles and lived for 25-30 years, which corresponded to the average life expectancy in the Roman Empire at that time.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

The Vikings wore helmets with horns.

True:When we think of a Viking, we imagine a man with a beard and a horned helmet. However, archaeological excavations have shown that the Vikings were not fans of this fashion. In fact, helmets with horns were impractical and worn only during the rituals.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Before going on the Crusade, the knights put on chastity belts on their wives.

True:We all know about the chastity belt, which guarantees the loyalty of a loved one. However, in fact, they have never been used and all related stories are myths. The female chastity belt is nothing more than a symbol of loyalty, and the chastity belt for men is more like a part of armor.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

King Arthur was a real person.

True:Arthur never existed. His name was probably assigned to another person, known by another name in traditional history.And there are a huge number of people who have shown the essential features of Arthur.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Salieri poisoned Mozart.

True:Salieri had no motive to kill Mozart. He was famous and much more successful than Mozart. Salieri was even dropped all charges during his lifetime.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

All antique statues are white.

True:Antique art is associated with white. Surprisingly, buildings and statues were once brightly painted, but over time the colors faded. Now real colors can be seen with the help of ultraviolet.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Vincent Van Gogh cut off his ear.

True:This legend even became the name of the syndrome when a person performs an operation on himself. However, Van Gogh did not cut off his ear. He lost his lobe during a quarrel with another Gauguin.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Walt Disney painted Mickey Mouse.

True:Mickey Mouse drew animator Ab Iverks. Nevertheless, Walt Disney played a role in character creation. When the cartoons from Mickey appeared, he spoke in Disney voice.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Cowboys loved to shoot.

True:In fact, this stereotype was created by Western films.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Ivan the Terrible killed his son.

True:There is no evidence in any chronicles that the death of Tsarevich Ivan was violent. Moreover, from the letter of the king to Moscow, it can be assumed that his son died from the disease.This is confirmed by modern researchers.

Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

Mathematics was excluded from the list of sciences for which the Nobel Prize is awarded, because Alfred Nobel's wife cheated on him with a mathematician.

True:Alfred Nobel was never married. And the Nobel Prize is not awarded for achievements in the field of mathematics, because it was recognized as an abstract science.

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In Sparta, weak babies were thrown off a cliff.

True:According to legend, newborns were thrown into a hole. But, after analyzing the remains extracted from the pit, the scientists came to the conclusion that the remains belonged to 46 men aged 18–35 years, which means that the babies were not injured.

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  • Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them

    Myths that we were told in history lessons, and we believe in them