Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

An upper respiratory tract infection is a group of viral diseases. Which most often we know by the abbreviation of ARVI.

Upper respiratory tract infectionsare the most common infectious diseaseamong children and the general population.

These diseases are characterized by general intoxication syndrome and the primary lesion of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract.

The main infections of the upper respiratory tract include: influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial infection, rhinovirus infection, as well as some types of enteroviruses, mycoplasma infection.

Almost allcatarrhal diseases of viral etiology.

Children of the first months of life rarely get sick, because they are in relative isolation and have passive immunity (from the mother).But after a year, kids start to get sick more often, and when they go to the kindergarten, they can not get out of the sores for a long time.

Repeated ARVIs reduce the immunity of the child, form chronic foci of infection, contribute to the allergization of the body, retard the psychomotor and physical development of the child.

The source of ARVI are more often adults or children from children's groups.

Read also:Children and drugs. The main mistakes of parents

Common featuresall ARVI:

  • Lesion of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract;
  • Reduction of local immunity;
  • The weakening of non-specific protective factors;
  • Symptoms of intoxication;
  • Fever.

Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment - image No. 1

Specific clinical symptoms:

  • Influenza - specific influenza intoxication;
  • Adenovirus infection - damage to lymphoid tissue, liver, spleen, conjunctiva;
  • Parainfluenza - croup syndrome;
  • Respiratory syncytial infection - obstructive syndrome (bronchitis, bronchiolitis);
  • Rhinovirus infection - without intoxication, mucous rhinitis.

Treatmentinfections of the upper respiratory tract in a child is carried out in accordance with the diagnosis.

A mild form of ARVI (cold) can not be treated at all.To prevent infection, you need to wear a mask when in contact with others, often air the room and wash your hands.

Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment - image No. 2
therapist
Stigmas
Alexander Yurievich
Kharkov
Ask your question>

Disease prevention

Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child can occur throughout the year, most of the cases occur in autumn and winter, andpeak incidence- at the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

Cold weather makes us spend more time indoors (in the garden, at school), and, accordingly, more often contact with people who may be infected.

Cold spreads are affected by moisture: most pathogensthrive in low humidity. thereforefor preventiondiseases, you must regularly ventilate the room, do wet cleaning, use a humidifier.

Read also:Drafts in the house: the benefits and dangers for children

Low air humidity in rooms can increase the friability of the nasal mucosa, thereby increasing susceptibility to infections.

The main transmission route of ARVI isairborneAnother mechanism of transmission iscontact. That is why it is important to wash your hands and avoid touching your face with outbreaks of respiratory infections.

Less contact with others, wear a mask at the peak of the epidemic in transport. And do not forget that a strong body will cope with the infection faster - strengthen the baby's immunity.

And let all infections bypass your kids side.

Related news

  • How to know for sure that you fell in love
  • Photo session with a child: 5 original ideas
  • 10 countries that have successfully changed their name
  • This is how Grigory Leps lit in the subway Surprised, so surprised
  • On which finger a woman wears a ring, she creates such karma and fate for herself
  • Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment

    Infections of the upper respiratory tract in a child: prevention and treatment