How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

What is the Arctic? This is a snowy polar-light day) for half a year. New first is the cold. The omnipresent body and soul. How to survive in these parts?
Editorial PM
October 15, 2018 12:00

Imagine that something happened to the universe. You, heading to the store, met in the neighboring yard a strange man with an incomprehensible thing in his hands. He tried to explain to you that this thing must be done carefully, but you firmly knew that everything was in order, and bravely stuck a finger into it ...

The heroes of “Kin-Dza-Dza” in this situation were thrown into a hot desert. There, too, was not very comfortable, but the quick death did not threaten them. And you ... And you are standing in the middle of a vast snowy expanse. The wind helps the frost. At a wind speed of 5 m / s, 0 ° C is equivalent to -8 ° C in exposure to the human body, and –20 ° C at 17 m / s. Do not forget about the humidity. The Arctic is an oceanic region, and the air humidity there is close to 100%. This means that hard frost for any traveler will be even stronger.

Clothing and equipment

To still give you a chance of survival, suppose that you are now dressed for the weather. There are reasons for this.

If a person dressed in a typical urban demi-season outfit is exposed to a five-degree frost, he will start to feel uncomfortable in about half an hour. In a warm jacket, warm pants and woolen underwear, he will survive 5 degrees of frost, with a minus thirty it will also last for half an hour. In a day he will freeze to death.

The aborigines of the north in the old days wore kukhlyanki. This is a deaf (without buttons) reindeer-skin jacket worn over the head. The lack of buttons and the cut to which they are confined helps to save heat. The same purpose is served by the collar, which is tightened around the neck with a cord. Spacious sleeves taper and tighten on the wrists too. It is easier to keep warm, and it is possible to stick your hands under the hem of the kitchen in a hard frost, too, without hindrance.

In the winter version there are two kitchenettes. The bottom one is worn with the hair down, the top one - with the hair up. Below them is a naked body. The insulating properties of such an “ensemble” are at least not inferior to European clothes of the mid-20th century.

For further survival you will need a knife.The Eskimos wore it on the belt of the kitchen, it is logical to assume that you have it there. A shovel would be useful, but you will not attach it to your belt, the Eskimos did without it.

Build yourself a house

If you are lucky enough to be on the Arctic coast before everything is swept there, then you can collect a fin there - logs and branches thrown on the shore. Using it as a construction material, you can build something like a hut. It can overlap with snow, it will turn out almost comfortable dwelling. But we are not looking for easy ways, so you are just in the middle of the snow. How can you survive?

It is necessary to unhook the knife from the belt and carefully build a house for yourself. The bricks for this important quest are taken directly from the snowdrifts under your feet. More precisely, cut. Arctic snow, especially if it is not the first year, is usually dense, so it is relatively easy to chop / cut it.

Our ultimate goal is to build a needle. Eskimo snow hut. As the experienced first movers point out, the snow "bricks" should be about half a meter in length and about 20 cm in thickness. It can be doubted that experienced Eskimos have always adhered to this recipe, but the order of magnitude is as follows.

In any case, you need to start with the markup - draw a circle in the snow, which will be the outline of your future refuge. According to generally accepted standards, in the case of one adventurer, the diameter of the dwelling should be 2.4 m, for two persons - 2.7 m. The Eskimos can fit in a single needle and a dozen people, but they are indigenous people.

Carved "bricks" should be laid out on a circle. From above put another row, etc., slowly throwing them inside. As a result, you should have something like an egg stuck in a snowdrift, just a big one.

The blocks should be laid in the same way that bricklayers lay bricks - the middle of the brick from the next row should fall on the seam between the bricks of the previous row. So stronger. The voids between the blocks are covered with snow. Even for an inexperienced needle-builder, the whole procedure should take three to four hours. Unless, of course, he wants to live.

If the depth of the snow under your feet allows, it is better to make the entrance to the needle recessed, so it is warmer. If this is not possible - it does not matter, you just need to cut the "door" out of the snow and quickly plug the entrance after you use it.

After that, you climb into your haven and discover that it is noticeably warmer inside.At least there is no wind. If you have a tablet of dry fuel or a candle in your inventory, you can light it and make the air even warmer - to a positive mark. All internal irregularities of the walls must be smoothed out so that they do not drip. After that, the water does not threaten you, because the snow absorbs the melt water, which immediately hardens. At the same time your home becomes stronger, and its insulating properties increase. Nevertheless, we note that the Eskimos build a needle when it becomes really frosty. At -5 in such a house is noticeably damp.

Time to sleep. Read the two previous articles in our Greenland series: and vol.

It's time to hunt

Let the house and good, but to survive, you need to eat something. The range of possibilities here is very strictly determined by your location. On land, you can put snares (suppose you have a rope, and you know what a snare is) in the hope of catching a partridge or arctic fox. Theoretically, from under the snow you can dig some edible plants. They are there somewhere, but to find them in the middle of winter, you have to be a completely local person.

The best option is if you are on the shore, not far from the bird market.In this case, you will not have a shortage of eggs and chick meat. Adult birds can be taken barehanded during the molting period, when they cannot fly. And do not forget to make a reserve for the winter. Refrigerator - permafrost - you literally have sideways.

If you're on sea ice, your only hope of survival is seal hunting. Besides him, polar bears are also found in those parts, but with your equipment it is better not to catch them. After trying to live in Eskimo or, at least, having imagined it, you begin to understand why the Eskimos could survive in Greenland, and the Vikings did not.

In the XXI century

In reality, everything is not so severe. Scientists researching the polar biocenosis of Disco Island do not have to build a snow hut. At their disposal is a comfortable wooden house made of environmentally friendly materials.

Comfort in the Arctic is synonymous with warmth. Heating and hot water at home provides branded boiler, brought to the island as part of the mission. A compact, inexpensive device is designed precisely for such a configuration, with a relatively small number of points of pumping. As a result, it is not necessary to wait for hot water at the open tap - it goes there in a matter of seconds.

Since the time of the Vikings, our life has changed a lot: on the island of Disco now there is even a cellular connection with the possibility of connecting to the Internet. This means that by installing Ariston NET’s branded application on your smartphone, you can have remote access to all boiler functions. Being in the snow-covered tundra, you can order the boiler to raise the temperature of the air in the house, and after half an hour enter warm comfort.

To deliver the boiler to your home is a simple task. But how did this device end up in distant icy Greenland? This was filmed a whole series, the trailer which can be seen right here:

Episodes of the series can be viewed.

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  • How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland

    How to survive the harsh winter: life hacks from the inhabitants of Greenland