How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

Often, during a night's sleep, pregnant women are disturbed by discomfort in the legs, especially in the calf muscles. Why do they arise and how to deal withcramps during pregnancy?

Read also:7 secrets of good sleep in the third trimester of pregnancy

CAUSES OF PREGNANCY IN PREGNANT WOMEN

Toxicosis.Toxicosis during pregnancy weakens the woman's body, and interferes with the absorption of nutrients. Not only is the appetite reduced during toxicosis, but the food consumed does not linger for a long time in the stomach.

As a result, calcium is flushed out of the body. It is his lack, which mainly leads to leg cramps. Also, this process may be affected by excessive levels of sodium and phosphate in the blood. Destruction and lack of vitamin B are often fraught with convulsions.

Calcium deficiency.Especially acutely felt in the second trimester of pregnancy: at this time the fetus is actively growing, a skeleton is formed,building material for which is "taken away" from the mother.

Read also:Calcium in the diet of a pregnant woman: you need to know

Glucose deficiency.Convulsions in pregnant women can also occur due to a sharp decrease in blood sugar levels. Since glucose, being a valuable source of energy, is now needed not only by a expectant mother, but also by a growing child, resources are often scarce.

Lack of diet, food on the go, late abundant dinners contribute to a decrease in the level of sugar.

Phlebeurysm.The situation is aggravated by the excessive pressure of the growing fetus on the pelvic veins, as a result of which the blood circulation in the lower extremities weakens. At the same time, the acceleration of blood circulation in the groin area increases the load on the arteries and capillaries.

Veins affected by varicose veins during pregnancy cannot cope with the situation on their own. Because of this, edemas often occur during pregnancy, numbness and leg cramps. The problem can be aggravated if the expectant mother leads a passive lifestyle, moves a little and gains extra weight. And the impaired blood flow impairs the nourishment of the muscles, so they lack less nutrients and metabolic products.

Read also:Fasting days during pregnancy

Smoking, abuse of strong coffee and tea.Under the influence of nicotine, a chronic lack of oxygen develops, which leads to spasms. An excessive caffeine addiction causes muscle dehydration, leading to loss of elasticity and cramps.

Abuse of deuretic drugs used in the fight against swelling.Such drugs - a double-edged sword. On the one hand, they facilitate the work of the kidneys and really relieve swelling. On the other hand, with the wrong dosage, along with excess fluid, they remove microelements from the body, which causes cramps in the legs.

In some cases, seizures may occur against the background of reduced hemoglobin (anemia), with an excess of lactic acid and magnesium deficiency.

Read also:Anemia in pregnant women: how to act

PREVENTION OF JUDGMENT DURING PREGNANCY

convulsions during pregnancy

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Naturally, the problem is easier to handle before it appears. In order to avoid convulsions during pregnancy, you must:

  • lead a mobile life;
  • eat right during pregnancy;
  • take a mineral complex containing calcium and magnesium;
  • do stretching, yoga for pregnant women, Pilates or swimming;
  • do a massage (heated vegetable oil with a few drops of ethereal rubbing into the calves and feet, kneading with fingertips and rubbing with your knuckles or palm edge; perform all movements along the ascending lines);
  • use special cooling creams and ointments with severe heaviness in the legs (for the prevention of varicose veins are best suited with horse chestnut extract).

Read also:How does mom get back in shape: running before, during and after pregnancy

HOW TO FIGHT SHIPPERS DURING PREGNANCY

Visit a doctor.He must determine if spasms are a side effect of any serious illness.

With a strong spasm, stand on a flattened leg.If the pain is too acute and it is difficult to even move, you should at least pull the foot over yourself. Make it necessary to overcome pain.

Rub the tense muscle, massage the feet with a pinching and patting motion. In some situations, if the muscle is numb, it is necessary to use piercing objects (a pin or needle).

Make hot footbaths with sea salt and mustard(if the spasms are not caused by varicose veins).

leg cramps

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Review your diet.Nutrition during pregnancy should be balanced. Eat slow carbohydrates: cereals, whole wheat bread, durum wheat pasta, fresh vegetables and fruits. If there is a problem of cramps in the legs, it is better to abandon fast carbohydrates: sugar, candy, baking, as they provoke a jump in blood glucose, and then a sharp decrease in it. And this is fraught with muscle spasms.

Use dairy products to compensate for calcium deficiency.: natural cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt. To saturate the body with potassium, dried fruits, bananas, potatoes, beef liver will do. Eating sunflower seeds, nuts, green leafy vegetables and carrots can provide the body with the necessary dose of magnesium. Also, it would not be superfluous to use multivitamin complexes for pregnant women.

Read also:Diet for pregnant women: the basics of proper nutrition of the future mother

Follow the meal schedule.Breakfast is a must for a healthy diet. But dinner, on the contrary, should be symbolic.It can be replaced with a glass of kefir or vegetable salad. Eating is necessary often, but gradually.

Wear orthopedic shoes and compression stockings.It facilitates the manifestation of cramps in the legs of pregnant women wearing orthopedic shoes on the middle platform (3-5 cm), as well as special compression stockings. They help to establish blood flow and distribute the load on the lower limbs.

Exercise.You can enroll in the yoga section for pregnant women or study at home.

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  • How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy

    How to deal with leg cramps during pregnancy