First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

Our children are restless from birth, not yet able to even crawl, they manage to hit or get hurt.

The blame for all this - the activity and inquisitiveness, but this is not their fault - this is how our restless ones were created by nature.

With age, the number of adventures only increases, becoming rampant. Therefore, each parent needs to know how to properly provide first aid to their child.

We understand injuries

Most often, barriers to further children's entertainment are scratches, abrasions, cuts and bruises. All of them differ in the method of obtaining and the degree of trauma.

Scratch- damage to the surface layer of the skin, as a rule, rather small and having a linear shape. Children scratch the branches of shrubs and trees, playing with pets or fighting with friends.

If you see that woundrequires suturingthen you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. After 8 hours after injury, the wound becomes infected and cannot be sutured.

Abrasionis a more serious injury to scratching.It is larger in area and appears most often on elbows and knees when falling on the asphalt (well, you remember your children's “flights” from a bicycle). Playing on a hard carpet can also provoke abrasions, because the child usually “fidgets” a lot on it.

A cut- this is damage to all layers of the skin, which can touch and soft tissue. They appear when falling on glass, careless handling of scissors or a knife. Sometimes children (and not only children) can even cut themselves on the sharp edge of the paper or on a tight thread.

Injuryentails damage to the skin, subcutaneous fat, and sometimes even muscles. Of course, carelessness or blows often end with bruises. What a child did not come across bruises!

Read also:How to teach a child to provide first aid

First Aid Child

Any damage to the skin must be cleaned. Rinse the wound under running water.Abrasions and scratchesexperts recommend washing with baby soap (yes, we know that the child will be unhappy, but so necessary!). This will help get rid of particles of dust, dirt, plants or wool. It is necessary to do everything carefully, with light movements: do not take in head, wiping the wound, rub it with a towel or cotton pad - you can only get wet slightly.

Next stage -hydrogen peroxide. Rinse the wound with it with a cotton swab. If the wound is deep, then she does not need peroxide! Can not be used for washing and iodine: only to process the edges of damage. If iodine goes deep into the wound, it will cause necrotic damage to the tissues, that is, it will kill completely healthy cells.

First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts - image №1

Stop bleedingneed, if it is really serious. If the blood barely oozes out - it will only benefit the wound, because this is how cleansing of foreign particles caught in the scratch occurs. In case of serious bleeding, apply a pressure bandage and immediately take it to the doctor! He may need hospitalization.

If the bleeding is intense,apply the harness immediately. If the blood from the scarlet color wound comes in jerks, then it is arterial, and the tourniquet needs to be applied above the wound site. If the blood is dark and flows slowly, then the vein is damaged, and apply a tourniquet below the wound.The overlap period of the harness is strictly limited., therefore, write down the time when you put it on, and immediately take the child to the hospital.

If the wound is small, then you can continue to provide assistance at home.After the blood has stopped, treat the damage with an antiseptic aqueous solution. This is where the Zelenka, familiar to everybody since childhood, is suitable.

Mum-forumchild Julia told how he helps her child:“I think it is better not to use alcohol-based products. We so hurt the child. Zelenka or iodine was used by our grandmothers, because before there was nothing else. Now there are a lot of water-based drugs. They are effective, and the child does not feel discomfort. "

Read also:Moms UAUA.info advise how to handle a dissected wound

You will not need a bandage or plaster, because an open wound will dry out faster. Is that fidget again "breaks into battle" on the street to friends, then it should be covered so that there is no contamination and infection.

First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts - image №2

If you see that woundrequires suturingthen you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. 8 hours after the injury, the wound becomes infected and cannot be sutured. Therefore, the sooner you seek the help of specialists, the better.

If the wound is quite deep and a foreign body is found in it, you should not try to remove it yourself.This can lead to heavy bleeding. Apply a bandage carefully and consult a doctor.

Irina Buzenko, pediatrician:“A sterile dressing will protect the cut from pollution and inflammation. It needs to be carefully examined so that the edges are dry and clean. Bring them to each other, apply a sterile bandage and fix it with a bandage or plaster. The bandage is best treated with a water-based antiseptic. It is better not to close the abrasions and scratches with a bandage - so they better dry out and tighten. Except for a walk, it’s worth making full equipment to prevent dust, sand or infection from dirty hands ”.

Atbruised childIt is necessary to apply cold to the damaged place (a heating pad or a plastic bottle with cold water). You can wrap the ice with a clean towel and hold it in place of the injury for 15-20 minutes. Then, at the same time, apply a cloth or a bandage dipped in cold water.

Be careful:inspect the injury daily. Normal healing is accompanied by a change in color from scarlet on the first day to blue and yellowing on all subsequent ones. If a bruise appears on the face or head, it should be monitored more closely, because an infection from the ears, nose, or teeth can get into the hematoma and cause suppuration.Children have wide vessels of the head, so an infection from a hematoma can get into the brain tissue. Watch the bruise heal!

Need advice from a surgeon if:

  • the oral cavity is injured;
  • the cut is in the face and head;
  • wound with edges diverging during movement.

Be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • the child does not have a tetanus shot;
  • the wound is bleeding profusely;
  • a wound longer than 1 cm;
  • there is damage on the face;
  • contaminated wound, from a bite or with a foreign body;
  • the wound is infected (redness or stinking);
  • the wound is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, especially with head injuries.

If a child’s injury is bothering you, it’s better to be safe once again and see a doctor so that there will be no complications. If the child complains that the wound does not heal, listen to him, and do not consider it his whim.

We will not advise to ask the child not to run, because we understand that this is unrealistic. But still: let it be a little more cautious, especially with sharp corners and street animals.

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  • First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts

    First aid for bruises, abrasions and cuts