Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

For babies of the first year of life, a rather frequent problem is this. Let's see together what can be considered diarrhea in infants, why it occurs, how to treat it.

Diarrhea is a fairly frequent condition in babies of the first year of life. Intestinal upset occurs for various reasons and can lead to indigestion. It is important to understand what happens in the body of the crumb and how to behave if diarrhea causes discomfort to the child and anxiety to the parents.

What is diarrhea in infants

Diarrhea or diarrhea- is a condition characterized by:

  • frequent (more than 10 times a day) and loose stools
  • not typical color (green, black)
  • with a strange smell (sour, bitter, etc.)
  • in some cases, blood, mucus, foam can be observed in the stool

In children of the first year of life, the normal stool is quite frequent (up to 7 times a day) and mushy, so it is sometimes difficult to determine if it is diarrhea.It is important to remember when a child behaves restlessly and screams in pain during a bowel movement — this is not normal and it is time to take action.

In most cases, the cause of diarrhea in infants is a violation of the intestinal microflora. In such situations, the child is helped by probiotics, which contain bifidobacteria, safe for the health of the crumbs.

Bifidobacteria (probiotic bacteria) are usually present in the gastrointestinal tract. They are part of the normal intestinal microflora.

Breastfed microflora of children mainly consists of these bacteria and their presence is considered important in early childhood. They support a healthy acid-base balance, which is necessary for the normal functioning of digestive enzymes, which prevent the development of harmful bacteria, affect intestinal motility (peristalsis) and contribute to the normal functioning of the immune system.

A healthy balance of intestinal microflora can be disrupted by a number of factors, such as viral and bacterial intestinal infections (for example, rotavirus infections), treatment with antibiotics, or poor diet.

Probiotic Linex®baby dropsthey are added to milk, dairy or other non-hot drinks, which makes the intake of beneficial bacteria especially convenient for newborns and children under 1 year old.

Be sure to consult your pediatrician before giving any medications to your child.


Recommended by the Association of neonatologists of Ukraine Linex®Children's drops, dietary supplement
 

Causes of diarrhea in infants

Diarrhea is usually caused by an infectious agent: viruses, bacteria or protozoa (for example, dysentery). It is important for parents to determine as precisely as possible which factor caused diarrhea. The most common causes affecting the intestinal microflora of a child are:

  • poor hygiene;
  • diarrhea "dirty hands";
  • communication with animals;
  • eating poor-quality, improperly cooked food, dirty water;
  • feeding products that do not match the age of the child;
  • poor nutrition;
  • food poisoning;
  • intestinal infections;
  • worms;
  • drug poisoning or drug reactions;
  • lactase deficiency- intolerance to milk and milk sugar;
  • irrational diet nursing mothers;
  • celiac enteropathy- deficiency of the enzyme that breaks down gluten;
  • cystic fibrosis- severe genetic disease, which is characterized by a violation of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • dysbacteriosis- violation of the microbial balance of the intestine.

Probiotics can help restore the intestinal microflora.

If diarrhea in infants is accompanied by vomiting, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid dehydration.

Learn more about the beneficial properties of the probiotic Linex®Baby dropscan

READ ALSO:Safety on the walks with babies: tips for parents

Symptoms: what can be considered diarrhea in infants

  • watery stools, which are accompanied by pain and cramps in the abdomen;
  • frequent and abundant stools with greens;
  • child weakness;
  • temperature rise;
  • the appearance of blood, mucus or foam in the stool;
  • child's anxiety, cry;
  • symptoms of dehydration.

Galina Vasilievna Babiy, pediatrician:

“If diarrhea with fever and signs of intoxication, urgent hospitalization is needed in the infectious disease ward, and if the stool after each feeding, without pathological impurities and without changing the child’s condition in the first 3 months of life, is a physiological process of intestinal formation (transient dysbiosis),correction of which is determined individually by the pediatrician. Such anxiety should not cause such a state of concern. ”

Diarrhea in infants, diarrhea in infants, causes diarrhea in infants , diarrhea in infants 6 months

Mom forumchina Valentine says:

“In the first month of my life, my son had a loose and frequent stool of green. I was so worried when it started, I called the doctor. The doctor came, looked, said the temperature to measure, asked about the condition of the child. The kid was calm, he slept well, but here 6-7 times a day he has a liquid green stool. The doctor said to monitor the condition and said that she would come the next day. The baby’s condition remained the same - everything was fine, asleep, eating, popping green. The doctor looked and said that this so-called diarrhea bothers me more than the baby. She concluded that this is a feature of the body, but said about the slightest changes in the state of the baby to inform her. There were no changes, after the second month the chair has changed: it has ceased to be green, so fluid and frequent. ”

Diarrhea in infants, diarrhea in infants, causes diarrhea in infants , diarrhea in infants 6 months

Treatment of diarrhea in infants: what can be done before the arrival of the doctor

If a baby has diarrhea, then the first thing a parent should do is call a doctor. Self-treatment is unacceptable!

  1. Measure the child's temperature and give antipyretic if the temperature is elevated.
  2. Leave the doctor one diaper with feces for accurate diagnosis.
  3. Often change the baby diapers, wash it.
  4. Often, give your baby a drink, every 10-15 minutes, in a small spoon, to prevent dehydration. For otpaivaniya baby, you can use special solutions for oral rehydration - rehydron, humane electrolyte.
  5. In no case do not give your child medication for diarrhea without the permission of a doctor.
  6. Before the arrival of the doctor, remember that you gave the child the other day that you ate.
  7. Do not feed the baby food, offer only breast milk or a traditional mixture if desired.
  8. Air and humidify the room, in a cool room the baby will be much better.
    Your doctor will prescribe a follow-up treatment. Be prepared for the fact that you may need hospitalization of the baby and you along with it.

Prevention of diarrhea in infants

There are simple ways to prevent diarrhea in the baby and take care of his health.

  • rational diet for nursing mothers;
  • regular hygiene of the baby, the room of the child, his toys;
  • careful approach to cooking for the child;
  • use only safe water and food for cooking baby;
  • gradual introduction of complementary foods as recommended by the pediatrician;
  • compliance with the recommended frequency and volume of feedings for a baby of a particular age.

It is necessary to follow all the recommendations of the doctor for child care and cooking for the baby to prevent diarrhea in the child.

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  • Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Diarrhea in infants: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention