Constipation in children: causes and help

Constipation in children: causes and help

Problems with the chair can occur in everyone.

Pediatrician Maria Savinova will tell you how to help your baby with constipation.

Constipation is a condition in which there is obstructed, systematically insufficient and rare bowel movements.

As a pediatrician with constipation treatmentI come across every daywithout exaggeration. Often, patients with such a problem are babies of the first year of life, but such difficulties are encountered, as they say, from 0 to 100 years.

In practical work, constipation is considered to be delayed stool for more than 48 hours. If the child has behavioral changes associated with delayed stool. Constipation is characterized not only by a rare, but also too hard, lean chair. 95-98% of young children have constipationfunctional character.

Depending on thereasonsConstipation is divided into:

  1. Primary, associated with congenital abnormalities of the colon or its nerve formations (Hirschsprung's disease);
  2. Secondary, which are associated with diseases of the rectum (prolapse, cracks, etc.),nervous system, endocrine diseases (hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus), metabolic disorders (lack of potassium, excess calcium) and others.

Bydevelopment mechanismConstipation is divided into:

  1. Food, with insufficient fluid intake or increased its loss, reducing food intake, reducing dietary fiber in the diet;
  2. Mechanical, with intestinal obstruction at any level, in this case discharge and stool and gases;
  3. Hypo-and dyskinetic, when the rate of advancement of intestinal contents decreases and occurs with intestinal abnormalities, nervous and endocrine diseases, and metabolic disorders.

How everything described may look like in practice.

If a baby has a great difficulty with a chair from the first days (or there is none at all) - look for congenital intestinal abnormalities, Hirschsprung's disease.

If constipationnot the only symptom, and is accompanied by other (neurological disorders, delayed physical and psycho-emotional development, increased thirst, swelling, etc.), it is necessary to examine the child to identify possible diseases mentioned above.

If constipation has developed acutely and is accompanied bygas delaysevere pain in the abdomen, the presence of blood in the feces is necessaryurgentsurgeon consultation.

Again, in the overwhelming majority of cases, constipation is functional, that is, it is not associated with serious diseases, but occurs becauseimmaturity of the digestive tract, errors in diet, lack of fluid, intestinal dysbiosis, psychological depression. Constipation develops in such cases gradually.

Read also:Dysbacteriosis: to treat or not to treat?

Clinical manifestationsassociated with chronic constipation, depend on the duration of the disease, the depth of disorders in the digestive tract and manifest lethargy or anxiety, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, in older children - complaints of headache, abdominal pain, bloating, difficulty defecation, feeling of incomplete emptying intestine.

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Treatment of constipation in children

Constipation treatmentshould be comprehensiveand include diet and drinking regimen, daily regimen, exercise, massage, correction of dysbiosis, physiotherapy according to indications, vitamin therapy,laxatives, as well as taking care of the psychological comfort of the child. Very effective in case of constipation.homeopathyAfter all, homeopathic medicines can affect both metabolic processes and the state of the neuromuscular apparatus of the intestine, diseases of the rectum and the nervous system of a child.

In the dietthey increase the amount of products with a high content of fiber; preference is given to plant foods and vegetable oils, they inject more fruits, oatmeal and buckwheat porridge, one-day kefir and sour milk, lean meat and fish. Prunes, figs, beets, rhubarb, seaweed, aloe, kiwi, karkade tea are known for their laxative effect.

As an ambulance at home, a child can be given a cleansing enema with boiled water at room temperature, to which salt is added (0.5 teaspoon per glass of water) or glycerin (1 teaspoon per glass of water), the amount of enema is calculated by age. To soften the feces give vaseline oil to drink.

The complex of therapeutic measuresis a doctor(pediatrician or gastroenterologist), and parents make the diet - tasty, physical education - interesting, mood - calm and joyful.Constipation is one of those states where the emotional component is important, and children, small and adults, need the support and participation of loving parents.

And yet, psychologists say that when constipation you need to teach children to give: to treat friends, to give old toys to babies, to give gifts.

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  • Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help

    Constipation in children: causes and help