23rd week of pregnancy

23rd week of pregnancy

 

On22week of pregnancyIt is important for pregnant women to pay attention to the emotional state and to eat right. How will23 week of pregnancy, you will learn in our article.

 

Pregnancy at the 23rd week

In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the expectant mother will need two times more energy than was needed before. And this does not mean that it will work twice as much, on the contrary,feeling tiredwill visit a pregnant woman twice as often.

If the lack of strength and energy makes it difficult to feel good during the day - it is worth to relax to lie down, even if the clock is only the middle of the day. No need to endure and overcome yourself, now it is important to gain new strength, and not to feel overwhelmed, tired and lethargic.

Listen carefully to your body. At week 23 of the expectant mothertaste variations may change. Do not ignore their desires, because the child signals exactly what kind of “building materials” in the form of proteins, fats and carbohydrates are necessary for him at this stage.

23 week of pregnancy: the expectant motherweight increases. However, with horror, you should not look in the mirror at your rounded figure. The main amount of the accumulated mass will leave immediately after the birth process, part - the body needs to start breastfeeding. Of course, there is no need to eat for two, as mothers and grandmothers can insist. But to starve or stick to the diets of the diet is not only harmful to the mother’s health, but also to the development of the baby, because in this way he loses the necessary vitamins and nutrients.

 

What happens in the twenty third week of pregnancy

In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the expectant mother may complainswellingarms, legs, and also notice the appearance of spider veins on the skin. Vessel Problems - Initial Signsvaricose veinsveins, which arises due to the fact that the outflow of blood from the legs is worsening: the growing uterus puts more pressure on the pelvic veins. The appearance of spider veins is a reason to visit a phlebologist.

Edemas- A “side effect” of pregnancy caused by an increase in total blood volume. Most often, after a night's rest, the swelling subsides, but if this does not happen, you should contact your obstetrician-gynecologist.It is possible that the body of the future mother retains too much fluid, which is especially true for women who do not watch their menu and eat a lot of salty. For the prevention of edema, it is necessary to limit salt intake, periodically raise your legs up, take a contrast shower, choose loose and comfortable clothing, and change your body position more often.

Also during this period, many future mothers notice that they havefrequent urination. The reason for this symptom is that the grown uterus has become more pressure on the bladder.

23 week of pregnancy

Future baby

Over the previous week, the baby gained weight and grew, now his weight is about 450 g, and he is about 25 cm tall. The active weight gain is due to the fact that the baby is building up subcutaneous fat, and this time a reddish pigment forms in the skin, and the lanugo fluff on head starts to get dark.

Externally, the baby already looks like a well-formed little man, the truth is quite tiny and still incapable of living outside the maternal abdomen. But he is already very willing to make contact, for example, if you gently press on your belly, then the child will respond with a slight push to the point of pressure.

23 week of pregnancy: the baby is actively developing the pancreas, which produces a number of hormones. The main one is insulin, which is responsible for the body's metabolism, in particular, for the processing of glucose. If a pregnant woman has diabetes, then there is a high chance that the future baby may have problems with the work of the pancreas, and already at this stage medication therapy is necessary.

At the 23rd week of pregnancy, the baby’s respiratory system is improved, and the fetus begins to perform constant respiratory movements, so before this period he did it sporadically and intermittently. During breathing, a significant amount of amniotic fluid enters the lungs, which contributes to their development and maturation - the alveoli expand and contract just like when breathing oxygen. In the alveoli, a special substance is formed - a surfactant, which, after giving birth to a baby, will ensure that the respiratory sacs are filled with air and prevent them from falling off.

The digestive system of the fetus is also already developed enough to absorb and digest nutrients from the amniotic fluid.By the way, a child absorbs about half a liter of amniotic water per day, with which he swallows particles of original lubricant, epidermal cells and lanugo. Sometimes the ingestion of amniotic fluid causes the baby to hiccups, and the expectant mother can feel the slight flinching of the crumbs. In the intestine, the formation of meconium occurs, the ingress of which into the amniotic fluid may indicate hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the fetus.

 

How is life changing

At 23 weeks of pregnancy, the expectant mother can pay attention to herthe physical stateand start preparing the body for childbirth, because every woman wants to give birth to a healthy and strong baby. If earlier the future mother was engaged in the spot, then you can continue training, reducing their intensity and consulting with the coach. If the woman was far from the territory of the gym, let the crumb become an incentive to start a healthy lifestyle.

Thought outexercise stressit will make muscles stronger, the body more resilient, and relieve back pain. Special gymnastics for future mothers are designed so that they mainly train the muscles that are involved during pregnancy, and all the rest relax.The main rule - do not overwork and do not force yourself to do physical exercises.

Spoil the mood of a pregnant woman canheartburnwhich appears due to the weakening of the esophageal sphincter. Also, physiological causes of heartburn are increased concentration of hormones and a decrease in the volume of the stomach due to the pressure of the growing uterus. Of course, the expectant mother is difficult to influence these factors, but it is quite possible to correct and balance her diet if desired. The best means in the fight against heartburn - easily digestible meals and healthy drinks, as well as fractional meals in small portions. A pregnant woman who feels the manifestations of heartburn should refuse fatty and fried foods, provoking relaxation of the sphincter, coffee and soda, legumes and grapes.

 

Mom's food

Balancedfuture mom's menucontributes to the normal physical and mental development of the child. If the expectant mother wants to give birth to a healthy child, then you should choose the most useful and vitamin products.

In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the expectant mother should pay attention to adequate intake.vitamin a. This vitamin actively fights against viruses, pathogenic bacteria, makes the skin clean, smooth and elastic.

Unfortunately, vitamin A is not formed in the body, so the menu should contain foods that contain it: fish oil, egg yolks, sour cream, milk, fatty cheeses, onions, spinach, lettuce, peas, carrots, tangerines and pumpkin. Vegetables containing vitamin A should be consumed with added fat, such as butter or sour cream.

Also importantvitamin b6- it will help the pregnant woman to calm the nerves, to avoid anemia and edema, and is also necessary for the development of the normal nervous system of the baby. To replenish stocks of vitamin B6 in the body should regularly eat meat, fish, cheese, chilli, eggs, seeds and dried fruits. An important caveat: in frozen and boiled foods, the content of vitamin B6 is reduced, in dried foods - is preserved.

The future mom should give preference to products steamed, baked in the oven or boiled. Milk, cream and mineral water without gas can reduce the manifestation of possible heartburn; boiled meat, fish, butter and vegetable oil are also helpful.

 

Doctor's recommendation

23 week of pregnancyGrytsko Marta Igorevna, Ph.D., obstetrician-gynecologist at the clinic of human reproduction "Alternativa" tells: “Your child is starting to gain significant weight. Started rapid eye movements, as happens with us during sleep.

What can a 23-week-old child see in a dream? Probably, he, like us, dreams of what he did: games with the umbilical cord, sunlight. Rapid eye movements in a dream stimulate the development of the brain, which means it is an important stage of the child’s stay in the womb.

Genital organs (in boys - scrotum, in girls - ovaries) are well developed. The uterus rose 3 cm above the navel. The height of the child is 23-25 ​​cm, weight 550 g, as a long ear of corn ”.

 

Possible problems

ABOUThair conditionmany words have been said to pregnant women, there may be admiration for their thickness and brilliance, as well as complaints about dullness and breakage of hair. Do not be offended by nature, but do not need to be inactive either. A pregnant woman should experiment with shampoo, perhaps a special condition requires special treatment. The future mother should give preference to products with natural oils, having previously checked whether there is a negative reaction to the new smell.

In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the stomach is already quite large and one of the new problems may bestretch marks on the skin. Stretch marks appear due to the fact that the tissues lose their elasticity due to a decrease in the production of elastin and collagen. As a result, the surface layer of the skin of the pregnant does not have time to increase in proportion to the rounded shape. Therefore, the lower layer of the skin - the exoderm - becomes thinner and tears.

Restoring integrity occurs by replacing connective tissue that contains blood vessels. Because of this, the striae first become lilac or pink, and later brighten. Special cream, contrast shower andmassageactivates the nutrition of tissues and helps to train their elasticity.

Allotmentduring pregnancy does not always mean that there is a threat of interruption, but this fact should not be left without medical attention. Spotting - an unambiguous reason to consult a doctor, and not to self-medicate.

 

Required tests

23 week of pregnancy - starting from this period, with each visit to the gynecologist in the antenatal clinic, in addition to measuring the height of the uterus, the volume (circumference) of the abdomen,control weighing and measuring blood pressure, the doctor will determine the position of the baby in the uterus - hisprevia.

If right now it turns out that the crumb lies to the exit of the uterus by the pelvic part (pelvic presentation) or across the uterus, you should not worry - most likely, it will turn over and get up towards the cervix head closer to the birth, as it should be. Usually, children occupy an unchanged position in the uterus after 33 weeks of gestation, so you should not worry before this time.

Also at 23 weeks pregnant woman to becomplete blood count and urine testif it was not done in week 22, andundergo ultrasound. In addition to assessing the state of the placenta, amniotic fluid, the presence or absence of fetal malformations, now ultrasound can certainlyshow baby floor.

 

Useful tips

In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the expectant mother should reconsider the attitude toward herself andto delegate part of their household duties to their loved onesor adapt their execution to their new state. If the future mother went to the store on her own and, having forgotten about her condition, acquired a sufficient number of different things, of course, it will be hard to cope with weighty packages.The main rule, once it happened, is not nervous, but not overstrained. If there is a possibility, call a taxi, if you go to a house close to you, do not carry bags in front of you, so as not to strain your back muscles and put pressure on the fetus.

Do not bend down, raising the bulky bags, also not worth it - so the loin is overloaded. Squat on widely spaced legs - this is the best balance.

Mop the floor with a wringer and a long handle, now often it is not recommended to bend over. Prepare sitting, so the load on the spine and legs will decrease, the probability of varicose veins and lower back pain will decrease.

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  • 23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy

    23rd week of pregnancy